If you need to register an effect on a non-primitive in React, you’ll eventually notice that it doesn’t behave as expected.
Indeed, React uses shallow comparison to compare variables and this may trigger effects when a object was re-created even if its content has not changed.

This is usually the sign of performance issues and should be addressed.

However, once it a while it makes sense to use a quick work around: a custom hook I call useDeepCompareEffect:

import { useEffect, useRef } from 'react'
import _ from 'lodash'

export default function useDeepCompareEffect(callback, dependencies) {
  const ref = useRef()
  return useEffect(() => {
    if (_.isEqual(dependencies, ref.current)) {
    ref.current = dependencies
  }, dependencies) // eslint-disable-line react-hooks/exhaustive-deps

This hook uses Lodash’s isEqual to compare the dependencies. It can be used anywhere in place of usEffect.

⚠️ Remember, resorting to this hooks probably hides other issues with the code.